Document Type: Research Paper
Petroleum and Chemical Engineering Department, Ilam University, Ilam, Iran
Oil and Gas Research Institute - Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
This paper addressed the application of new hydrophobic synthesized calcium oxide (CaO) and silicon dioxide (SiO2) nanofluids to low permeability carbonate porous media. Crude oil and plugs were selected from one of oil reservoirs in the west of Iran. The main goal of this paper is comparing the results of improving water-oil relative permeability parameters in low permeability plugs of carbonate cores in the presence of new synthesized CaO and SiO2 nanofluids. All the experiments were performed at a temperature of 40 °C and at a nanoparticle concentration of 45 ppm. The experimental approaches were designed into two main steps: 1) the effects of both nanoparticles on the changes in interfacial tension (between oil and brine) and oil viscosity 2) the effects of both nanoparticles on wettability (qualitatively) and relative permeability parameters. SiO2 and CaO decreased interfacial tension from 46.414 mN/m to 41.772 mN/m and 32.860 mN/m respectively. Moreover, SiO2 and CaO decreased oil viscosity from 9.90 cP to 8.61 cP and 8.01 cP respectively. Based on the obtained results in the core flood experiments, although CaO and SiO2 nanofluids decreased effective water permeability, effective oil permeability and ultimate oil recovery increased. Moreover, it was seen that the CaO nanofluid improved oil flow in carbonate cores more than the commercial SiO2 flooding. Finally, it was seen that both nanoparticles change the wettability from oil-wet to water-wet (qualitatively).