%0 Journal Article
%T A Consequence Analysis of the Explosion of Spherical Tanks Containing Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)
%J Iranian Journal of Oil and Gas Science and Technology
%I Petroleum University of Technology
%Z 2345-2412
%A Zareei, Hadi
%A Khosravi Nikou, Mohammadreza
%A Shariati, Ahmad
%D 2016
%\ 07/01/2016
%V 5
%N 3
%P 32-44
%! A Consequence Analysis of the Explosion of Spherical Tanks Containing Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)
%K Consequence Modeling
%K Overpressure
%K LPG
%K explosion
%R 10.22050/ijogst.2016.38529
%X A consequence analysis was performed in one of the gas refineries in Iran to investigate the risks andpotential losses resulted from accidents. Specifically, the consequences of an explosion in LPGspherical tanks were modeled using PHAST and MATLAB software. In this paper, three methods ofcalculation of PHAST software TNT, multi-energy, and BST were used. The results showed thatmulti energy method is the best method to evaluate overpressure. It was 0.150 bar and 0.159 bar in adistance of 1000 m far from the blast using PHAST and MATLAB respectively. This overpressurecan damage a wall with 30 cm thickness. It also affects the human threshold (1%) ruptured eardrum.Finally, it was found that 100% lethality in a minute happened at 285.5 m and 37.5 kW/m2 when theexplosion happened.
%U http://ijogst.put.ac.ir/article_38529_b99c3da34e63defc99bfbfeb6a7dc001.pdf